2) Ready Position
3) Split Step
4) Shoulder Turn
5) Loop / Drop the tip of the racquet below the height of the ball.
6) With the butt-cap pointing towards the ball/your opponent, swing through the ball and upwards for spin.
7) Use your left hand to help turn your body, and then rotate your body 180 degrees as you hit.
8) Make sure for your last step, you roll your foot from heel to toe. This keeps your movement fluid.
9) Make sure your right toe is pointed toward your opponent. This is vital because it allows your hips to rotate through the shot, for maximum power. If your toe is pointed to the side of the court, you will not be able to hit through the ball, but rather the tendency will be for your body’s momentum to carry you towards the side of the court. This will also leave you vulnerable for your opponent’s response.
The direction of your right toe is even more important when moving wide or back, as in these instances you must move quickly and then reverse your body momentum as you hit.
10) After you hit the ball, recover back to the proper recovery position near the center of the court.
11) Your head should remain level throughout the entire stroke. As you move to the ball, you should be approximately 1 foot lower in height than your resting height, and as you hit the ball, your head stays at that same low level froms start to finish.
Analysis and Instruction
Common errors to avoid:
1) Allowing the racquet to float behind you. This means that on your swing through, your contact zone becomes a contact point, meaning the chances of your hitting the ball cleanly are reduced dramatically.
2) Having a big looping swing. This makes your swing slower, and you are more likely to hit the ball late.
3) Both error 1 and 2 are generally caused by unnecessary arm movement. Using shoulder and hip rotation should generate more than enough power for your shot. Arm movement only adds an extra ingredient of complexity.
4) lazy footwork and not rotating your body through the shot 180 degrees.
5) Stiff legs. Stiff legs make it impossible to explode through the ball. It makes it harder to maintain balance, and harder to move dynamically.
6) Poor balance, or moving your head.
7) Letting the ball come to you instead of moving towards the ball and hitting it as it is rising. Ideally hitting the ball higher in its arc after it bounces means that you are able to hit down on the ball and attack it. If you wait for the ball to drop too low, then you have fewer options of how to hit it. So always move in to attack when possible.
8) Never hit with a closed stance. That is for old fogies and losers.
9) Pointing your right toe to the right side of the court instead of at your opponent. The basic concept is that wherever your toe is pointed, that is the direction your body’s momentum will want to travel. Since you want to get your bodyweight behind the shot, you want your toe to be pointed toward it! If it is pointed to the side, it’s very difficult to rotate properly.
Good drills: Hitting against a wall, doing shadow strokes, using a ball machine, playing mini-tennis, swinging in front of a mirror, take a vide of yourself and analyze your swing.
This series of 3 videos reviewing Federer’s forehand are solid except for the nonsense about the grip being eastern. Ignore that. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VK-9puanoRo